Air pollution is an environmental hazard. It can cause health issues such as heart diseases, cancer, and lung issues. When the polluted air slips past the body’s defenses, it can penetrate into the circulatory and respiratory systems, damaging the lungs and the brain.
Although there are effective policies to reduce the emissions of pollutants in the air at the sources, you can implement simple individual approaches to minimize health risks. But how can you reduce exposure to air pollution since you will be open to environmental factors each day?
In this case, you need to understand how to reduce health effects of air pollution. With this, you’ll minimize risks from the outdoor sources of air pollution that can occur indoors, where you spend most of your time.
Here is How to Reduce Health Effects of Air Pollution
1. Avoid outdoor activities where necessary
Human exposure to air pollutants can occur in outdoor and indoor environments. But the exposure will depend on the time you spend on the environment.
Nowadays, people spend most of their time indoors while resting and watching movies. Also, some are now adapting to working from home. Although air pollutants can infiltrate indoors from outdoor, pollution level is lower in indoor environments.
In this case, spending most of your time indoors can reduce exposure to air pollution thus, minimizing health effects.
In some cases, the level of indoor air pollutants can be high than the outside levels. Because of this, it is good to reduce the concentration of indoor pollutants by installing a central air cleaning system.
In a situation where you must stay outdoor, wearing a mask can be of great help. Masks help to filter fine particles. Thus, you will not breathe in the polluted air.
2. Look for healthy means of transportation
Air pollution occurs when pollutants are released into the environment. Car and buses are the commonly used vehicles. But do you know that most air pollutants come from vehicles? So, how can you reduce air pollution through transportation?
Here are simple tips to reduce air pollution from vehicles
- Consider ride-sharing services
- Walk or opt for a bicycle
- Consider public means of transportation
- Go for fuel-efficient vehicles such as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles or electric vehicles
- Avoid unnecessary idling of cars to reduce wastage of fuel
3. Minimize the exposure of air pollution sources
Each day people use cars to commute to work, schools, or markets. But do you know that traffic-related air pollution can increase the risks of health effects in rural and urban areas?
Also read: How to reduce air pollution in cities
The good thing is that you can reduce exposure to air pollution by avoiding high traffic roadways. You can consider means such as walking and biking.
Besides, it is good to stay away from sources of combustion. Sources such as biomass, burning of garbage, and wood can produce harmful gases that can affect your health. Thus, keeping a distance from burning sources can help to minimize the health effects of air pollution.
4. Replace the air filters
The air filters will determine the quality of air in your indoor environment. These devices trap harmful elements such as dust, dirt, and bacteria. When kept unchanged, it becomes challenging for them to capture the dirt, making the air unhealthy.
Besides, clogged air filters will make it hard for the HVAC system to push air. This causes high energy usage, which can lead to the emission of harmful gases. But by changing the filters regularly, your indoor air quality will improve and increase energy efficiency.
Also read: Effects of mercury on plants and animals
FAQs on Air Pollution and the Effects on Human Health
Why is it vital to solve the issue of air pollution?
Everyone is susceptible to the health effects of air pollution. When you breathe, air pollutants can enter the lungs and bloodstreams, which can cause serious health issues such as cancer, breathing problems, and premature death.
It is good to understand that you can get exposed to air pollutants regardless of where you live. But the amount of exposure depends on the weather, location, and time of the day. Air pollution exposure is high near the sources such as busy roads and burning equipment.
Also read: Ways to measure air pollution
Because of this, it is good to implement ways that can reduce the health effects of air pollution. Things such as wearing protective items like masks can prevent you from breathing the polluted air.
Who is responsible for the air pollution in the world?
Pollution can form due to human activities and natural sources. Human activities such as transportation, power generation, and cooking emit chemicals in the atmosphere, which reacts with other substances to form harmful pollutants. Also, volcanic eruption, lightning, dust, and natural vegetation fire can cause air pollution.
As you can see, there are many sources of air pollution. From home to roads and commercial institutions can contribute to the formation of pollutants in the air. In this case, you need to understand how to reduce the health effects.
For instance, if you use a gas stove for cooking, you can consider an electric stove. Also, if you own an industry, you need to understand effective ways to reduce air pollution.
Here are ways on how to reduce air pollution from industries
What are the effects of air pollution on human health?
Air pollutants are a great concern for human health. The invisible fine particles in the atmosphere can enter your body and cause serious effects.
These particles can penetrate into the lungs, where they can cause inflammation of lung tissue. Also, they can proceed to the bloodstream, where they can affect the organs, brain, and heart.
In this case, you need to follow certain precautions to reduce the effect of air pollution.
You can implement methods such as:
As you are aware, you can encounter health issues when the air quality is poor. Serious problems can even occur when air pollutants enter the lungs and bloodstream.
But do you know that you can implement simple precautions to reduce your exposure to air pollution? By understanding how to reduce health effects of air pollution, you will improve your well-being and your loved ones.