Rivers are the main sources of water. You can use the water for consumption and other household chores. Also, you can run an agricultural project using river water. But when harmful substances are introduced into the river, you can encounter health issues and problems with the growth of the crops.
Imagine drinking water with high levels of nitrates? It can increase the risk of colon cancer. Besides, too much nitrates from river pollution encourage the growth of algae, which uses a large amount of oxygen and blocks sunlight. This can affect the growth of other plants and aquatic life.
Understanding how to protect rivers from pollution can help to improve your health and that of your loved ones. This article contains more information on how to keep rivers clean.
Here is How to Protect Rivers from Pollution
1. Reduce the use of plastic containers
Rivers are the lifeline of every human being because everyone uses water every day. But unfortunately, many rivers across the globe are highly polluted. The main source of pollution comes from human activities such as disposing of plastic containers on the ground.
Plastic containers are causing serious issues because they do not decompose. When they make their way into the rivers, they release toxic chemicals such as BPA, which can cause effects on the brain and can also lead to hormonal cancer.
Besides, plastics can increase flooding risks in urban areas. In this case, it is good to consider reusable containers.
2. Dispose of waste properly
Household wastes and chemicals from the garden may not seem that bad. But they can cause serious problems. The impact adds up if you combine the people who dump waste into the rivers or flush them down the toilets.
That’s why it is good to dispose of all waste properly. Whether it is household or garden waste, consider disposing them in a garbage bin.
Besides, some environmental waste can be recycled. In this case, consider checking whether your community has a recycling center where you can take your old used motor oil and chemicals.
Also, check whether there is a hazardous waste collection day where toxic items can be disposed of safely.
3. Repair and maintain your motor vehicles
Fluid leaks such as oil from the motor vehicle might end up in the river. When it falls off the ground, it can be washed into the river by rain or storm.
But the good thing is that you can protect the rivers from pollution by maintaining and repairing your car. Ensure that there is no leakage in the oil tank and the head gasket is in good condition.
4. Support in river clean-ups
Garbage in the rivers can contaminate drinking water, which can threaten the lives of animals and human beings. But do you know that volunteering in river clean-ups can improve your quality of life?
River cleanups involve collecting wastes from local rivers. You can consider donating money or participating in the clean-up in your community.
Also read: Formation of the great pacific garbage patch
5. Volunteer in planting trees
Wastes such as chemicals, plastics, and oil settle on the ground after disposal. But they can find their way into the rivers through soil erosion.
In this situation, it is important to prevent soil erosion, and a good way to achieve this is by planting trees. Trees help to hold soil in place. This minimizes the amount of runoff into the river, thus, improving the water quality.
FAQs on River Pollution
What are the impacts of river pollution?
Water is a basic requirement needed for survival. Also, it supports the ecosystem and aquatic life. But when pollutants get into the river, the water is considered unsafe.
Most of the rivers close to the city and urban centers are polluted by industries, garbage, and chemicals which causes issues to nature.
Here are 3 impacts of river pollution
1. Health issues
Contaminants in the rivers can lead to health issues such as cholera and an increased risk of thyroid cancer in infants.
Eutrophication occurs when the nitrate levels in the river rise due to pollution. Too much nitrates in the river encourage algae development, which uses up a lot of oxygen. This makes the water from the river turn green, affecting the liver wildlife.
3. Loss of oxygen
When untreated sewage enters the river, bacteria break it down to create ammonia. And because this process uses up a lot of oxygen, plants and other creatures in the rivers may be affected.
As you know, river pollution can disrupt the entire food chain and destroy the ecosystem. That’s why learning how to prevent water pollution can benefit your health and nature.
What causes river pollution?
When harmful substances enter the river, they decrease the water quality, making it toxic. And polluted water can affect the economy, environment, animals, and human health.
So, what causes river pollution?
Here are 5 causes of river pollution
Untreated sewer system
Chemicals from agricultural projects
The best way to keep the river clean is by implementing approaches on how to control water pollution.
You can practice activities such as:
Use mulch and plant trees to prevent soil erosion
Use grass clipping and fallen leaves as mulch instead of throwing them
Keep chemicals away from drains
Collect animal wastes
How can you keep the rivers clean?
Introducing pollutants into the river makes the water unclean for consumption and other uses. But do you know that human beings are the main cause of river pollution?
In this case, you need to focus on safety measures for keeping the rivers clean.
Here are ways of ensuring the cleanliness of the rivers
Repair your vehicle immediately you notice a problem
Dispose of household and industrial waste properly
Use less water
Consider organic techniques in your garden
River pollution is a serious problem all over the world. It has negative effects on animals, human beings, and the environment.
Pollution can occur if you apply pesticides, insecticides, or fertilizer on your land. Also, wastes discharged from the industries without prior treatment can cause pollution.
In this case, implementing tips on how to protect rivers from pollution can be of great help.